Pongamia oil - Health Benefits
Pongam Tree, Indian TreeThe 'Pongam Tree' is known as one of the richest and brightest trees of India. The tree is named as 'Pongamia Pinnata' in science. The name 'Pongamia' has derived from the Tamil name, 'Pinnata' that refers to the pinnate leaves. The tree is a member of the 'Leguminosae' family. Its sub family is 'Papilionaceae'. In Tamil, this is generally known as 'Ponga', 'Dalkaramcha', 'Pongam' and 'Punku'. The Sinhalese people call it 'Kona' or 'Karanda'. In both the languages of Bengali and Hindi, the people named it as 'Karanj' or 'Papar' or 'Kanji'. The tree is 'Unne' in Malayalam and 'Pungu' in Telugu. It is called as 'Karum Tree' or 'Poonga Oil Tree' in English.
In the months of March and April, the 'Pongam Tree' stands as painted in crimson colour for a week or so as the buds develop into wilted, new leaves and just after the leaves begin to grow mature, the tree attains a gorgeous glowing lime-green colour. At that time the whole tree looks fresher than most of the trees of the surrounding area. This is such a tremendous sight that you would prefer the most to see against the monotonous dustiness of the roads and fields. The 'Pongam Tree' is being cultivated in a large number of gardens and along countless roads in India and is becoming one of the most admired City trees. It grows wild in the coastal forests throughout India and beside the streams and rivers.
A red oil obtained from the seeds of the 'Pongam Tree' can be used in embrocating the skin diseases. People apply the juice of the roots to sores and also use to clean the teeth. The reason behind this is that, the juice contains some antiseptic qualities. The timber of this tree is yellowish white in colour and quite hard and rude. Though it is not that easy to work upon, but still people use this to make cartwheels and posts. It is used for fuel as well.